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Angular 17 share data from one component to other component

Angular 17 share data from one component to other component

Sharing data between components in Angular, particularly form data, is a common requirement for many applications. There are various methods to achieve this in Angular, with the choice depending on the relationship between the components (parent-child, unrelated, etc.). As of Angular 17, these methods remain consistent with past versions, focusing on service-based communication, input and output bindings, and state management solutions. Here’s a brief overview of some of the methods you can use:

1. Using Services

For components that don’t have a direct parent-child relationship, using a shared service is an efficient way to share data, including form data.

  • Create a Shared Service: First, create a service that will hold the form data and be injected into both the sending and receiving components.
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { BehaviorSubject } from 'rxjs';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root',
})
export class FormDataService {
  private formData = new BehaviorSubject<any>(null);
  currentFormData = this.formData.asObservable();

  constructor() { }

  updateFormData(data: any) {
    this.formData.next(data);
  }
}
  • Sending Component: Inject the service and update the form data that needs to be shared.
import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { FormDataService } from './form-data.service';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-sender',
  template: `<!-- Sender Component's Template -->`,
})
export class SenderComponent {

  constructor(private formDataService: FormDataService) { }

  submitForm(data: any) {
    this.formDataService.updateFormData(data);
  }
}
  • Receiving Component: Inject the service and subscribe to the form data changes.
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { FormDataService } from './form-data.service';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-receiver',
  template: `<!-- Receiver Component's Template -->`,
})
export class ReceiverComponent implements OnInit {

  formData: any;

  constructor(private formDataService: FormDataService) { }

  ngOnInit() {
    this.formDataService.currentFormData.subscribe(data => {
      this.formData = data;
    });
  }
}

2. Parent to Child via @Input

For direct parent-child component relationships, you can pass data through @Input().

  • Parent Component: Pass the form data to the child component in the template.
<app-child [childFormData]="parentFormData"></app-child>
  • Child Component: Receive the data using @Input().
import { Component, Input } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-child',
  template: `<!-- Child Component's Template -->`,
})
export class ChildComponent {
  @Input() childFormData: any;
}

3. Child to Parent via @Output and EventEmitter

To send data from a child component to a parent component, you can use @Output() and EventEmitter.

  • Child Component: Emit the form data to the parent.
import { Component, Output, EventEmitter } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-child',
  template: `<!-- Child Component's Template -->`,
})
export class ChildComponent {
  @Output() formDataEvent = new EventEmitter<any>();

  submitForm(data: any) {
    this.formDataEvent.emit(data);
  }
}
  • Parent Component: Listen for the child’s event and receive the data.
<app-child (formDataEvent)="receiveFormData($event)"></app-child>

4. State Management Libraries

For complex applications or when sharing data across multiple unrelated components, consider using a state management library like NgRx or Akita. These libraries provide a more structured way to manage shared state in an Angular application but come with additional complexity and boilerplate.

Choosing the right method depends on your specific scenario, such as the relationship between components and the overall architecture of your application.

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Hello to all. Welcome to therichpost.com. Myself Ajay Malhotra and I am freelance full stack developer. I love coding. I know WordPress, Core php, Angularjs, Angular 14, Angular 15, Angular 16, Angular 17, Bootstrap 5, Nodejs, Laravel, Codeigniter, Shopify, Squarespace, jQuery, Google Map Api, Vuejs, Reactjs, Big commerce etc.

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