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Angular Role Base Application Demo

Angular Role Base Application Demo

Creating a role-based application in Angular involves several key steps, including setting up Angular routes, services for managing roles and authentication, and guards to protect routes based on user roles. While I can’t provide a complete demo application within this format, I can guide you through the process of creating a simple role-based application in Angular 17. This guide will walk you through setting up Angular, creating services for role management, implementing route guards, and configuring routes based on roles.

Step 1: Setting up Angular Environment

  1. Install Angular CLI: First, make sure you have Node.js installed. Then, install the Angular CLI globally using npm:
npm install -g @angular/cli
  1. Create a New Angular Project: Generate a new Angular project using the CLI:
ng new role-based-app
  1. Navigate to Your Project: Change directory to your new project:
cd role-based-app

Step 2: Creating a Role Service

  1. Generate a Role Service: This service will manage user roles.
ng generate service services/role
  1. Implement Role Logic: In your role.service.ts, implement basic role management logic. For simplicity, you might just hard-code some roles for demonstration purposes.
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class RoleService {
  // Example roles
  roles = ['admin', 'user'];

  constructor() { }

  // Check if the user has a specific role
  hasRole(role: string): boolean {
    return this.roles.includes(role);
  }
}

Step 3: Implementing Authentication Service

  1. Generate an Authentication Service: This service will handle user authentication.
ng generate service services/auth
  1. Implement Authentication Logic: For a demo, you can simulate authentication.
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class AuthService {
  isAuthenticated = false;

  constructor() { }

  // Simulate a login
  login(): void {
    this.isAuthenticated = true;
  }

  // Simulate a logout
  logout(): void {
    this.isAuthenticated = false;
  }

  // Check if the user is authenticated
  getIsAuthenticated(): boolean {
    return this.isAuthenticated;
  }
}

Step 4: Creating Route Guards

  1. Generate a Guard: This guard will protect routes based on roles.
ng generate guard guards/role
  1. Implement Guard Logic: Use the RoleService to check for roles and the AuthService for authentication status.
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { CanActivate, ActivatedRouteSnapshot, RouterStateSnapshot, UrlTree } from '@angular/router';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';
import { AuthService } from '../services/auth.service';
import { RoleService } from '../services/role.service';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class RoleGuard implements CanActivate {

  constructor(private authService: AuthService, private roleService: RoleService) {}

  canActivate(
    next: ActivatedRouteSnapshot,
    state: RouterStateSnapshot): Observable<boolean | UrlTree> | Promise<boolean | UrlTree> | boolean | UrlTree {

    const requiredRole = next.data.requiredRole;
    return this.authService.getIsAuthenticated() && this.roleService.hasRole(requiredRole);
  }

}

Step 5: Configuring Routes

  1. Setup Routes with Guards: In your app-routing.module.ts, configure your routes to use the RoleGuard and specify roles required for each route.
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';
import { RoleGuard } from './guards/role.guard';

const routes: Routes = [
  {
    path: 'admin',
    loadChildren: () => import('./admin/admin.module').then(m => m.AdminModule),
    canActivate: [RoleGuard],
    data: { requiredRole: 'admin' }
  },
  // Add more routes here
];

@NgModule({
  imports: [RouterModule.forRoot(routes)],
  exports: [RouterModule]
})
export class AppRoutingModule { }

Step 6: Running the Application

Finally, run your Angular application:

ng serve

This setup demonstrates a basic structure for a role-based Angular application. You’ll need to expand upon this with actual user authentication logic, dynamic role management, and more complex route guards based on your specific requirements. For a complete application, consider adding user registration, role assignment functionality, and a backend to persist user data and roles.

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Hello to all. Welcome to therichpost.com. Myself Ajay Malhotra and I am freelance full stack developer. I love coding. I know WordPress, Core php, Angularjs, Angular 14, Angular 15, Angular 16, Angular 17, Bootstrap 5, Nodejs, Laravel, Codeigniter, Shopify, Squarespace, jQuery, Google Map Api, Vuejs, Reactjs, Big commerce etc.

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